There is some evidence that sole custody arrangements victimise children emotionally by denying them the
relationship with two parents that is crucial for reasonably healthy post–divorce adjustment (Nunan 1980; Wallerstein & Kelly 1980; Hetherington 1982). The evidence is clear and convincing upon
examination of the research. Fulton (1979), and others (Wallerstein & Kelly 1980; Jacobs 1983; Koch & Lowery 1984; Kelly 1988a), demonstrate assertively that large numbers of post separation
children are denied their decreed (and deserved) contact to their non-custodial fathers on many occasions, often with cold and calculating regularity. The reasons are often frivolous and ridiculous
and are usually misstated.
Nunan S. A. (1980).
Joint Custody verses Single Custody Effects On Child Development. Doctoral dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, Berkely. UMI Order number 81-10142
J. S., & Kelly J. B (1980). Surviving The Breakup: How Children and Parents Cope With Divorce. Basic
Books: New York
Hetherington E M,
Cox M, & Cox R (1982). Effects of Divorce On Parents and Children. In M E Lamb (Editor), Non Traditional Families: Parenting and Child Relationships. Lawrence
Erlbaum: Hillsdale New Jersey.
Fulton J. A (1979).
Reports of Children’s Post-Divorce Adjustment. Journal of Social Issues. 35: 126-139
Jacobs J. W (1983).
Treatment of Divorcing Fathers: Social and Psychotherapeutic Considerations. American Journal of Psychiatry. 140:1294-1299
Koch, M. A. P.,
& Lowery C. R (1984). Visitation and The Non-Custodial Father. Journal of Divorce. 8: 47-65
Longer-Term Adjustment In Children of Divorce: Converging Findings and Implications For Practice. Journal of Family Psychology. 2: 119-140